Langue :

Titre :

Safavid Qur'an with Ottoman colophon
Turkey, Istanbul

Niveau : Pièce  / Cote : AKM00263

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 :
AGA KHAN MUSEUM

Etablissement :

AGA KHAN MUSEUM (TORONTO - Ontario M3C 1K1, CANADA)

Langue :

Anglais

Langue matérielle 1 :

Arabe

Date :

  • c. 1500

Description physique :

H x W x D (cm) : 27.3 x 39 x 4.5
Text H x W (cm) : 27 x 15.8

Description du contenu :

Codex of i+278+i paper folios (39.2 x 26.5cm) with illuminated double-frontispiece and contemporary leather binding.
Qur'an manuscript reputed to have been copied by Shaykh Hamdullah b. Mustafa (d.1519), on the basis of the colophon in Ottoman Turkish (fol.278r). According to Dr. Tanindi, this is wrong, and the Ms is entirely Safavid, in the style of Shayk Hamdullah but not by him! The medallion (early 20th C., even if beautiful). Suras 93-96, 101-102 are missing; prayers follow Qur'an text;
Folios: 13 lines naskh (27x15.8cm) in black, text-markers as gold roundels with 6- or 4-armed swastika pattern, within gold and blue ruled frame (28.2x16.9cm). Margins: verse-counter roundels or teardrops inscribed vertically or horizontally in white upon gold or blue, within pink, pale blue and yellow floral-illuminated lobed roundels with blue finials and pendants, juz'-counters in 12-pointed star with palmette scroll decoration, and instructions ("sajida" etc.) in red. Sura-headings: white thuluth upon lobed gold cartouches, with varying floral illumination (including tulips on fols.243v-244r), crossed saz-leaves or cloud-bands at either end, and twisted-cable border in gold, pink, green or blue.
Binding: contemporary red-brown leather with stamped medallions and cornerpieces in gold and black floral design, black doublures with gold-painted lobed medallions and frames;
Fol.1v-2r: double-frontispiece (Suras 1-2): 6 lines naskh in black reserved on cream against gold ground bordered with orange, gold and blue illuminated panels with pink and white floral scrolls and gold cloud-collars, within black frame with floral and foliate scrolls, and surrounding illumination.
Fols.276r-278r: prayers
Fol.278r: colophon: roundel inscribed in gold upon cream paper, within illuminated panel of blue half-palmette scrolls and pink, orange and white floral scrolls.

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(Earlier assessment from Moya Carey notes)
This manuscript was written out by Shaykh Hamdullah (c. 1440-1519), who was born in Amasya where he became calligraphy tutor to prince Bayezid, then preparing for kingship as governor of Amasya. In 1581 Bayezid became sultan, and Shaykh Hamdullah accompanied him to Istanbul and the imperial studio. A renowned calligrapher, Shaykh Hamdullah is said to have copied forty-six Qur'ans, and was given the title 'qibla of the calligraphers'.

One of the sura-headings includes tulips in the illumination.

Bibliographie :

Reproduced:
Anthony Welch, Collection of Islamic Art, vol. 2, 1972, p. 43; Martin Lings and Yasin Safadi, The Qur'an, London, 1976, no. 129; Anthony Welch, Calligraphy in the Arts of the Muslim World, London, 1979, no. 29; Anthony Welch and Stuart Cary Welch, Arts of the Islamic Book, London, 1982, no. 4; Toby Falk, Treasures of Islam, 1985, no. 105; David James (ed.), Islamic Calligraphy/Calligraphie Islamique, 1988, no. 37

Similar pieces:
c. 1490-1500 Ottoman Qur'an (London Khalili Coll.; David James, After Timur: Qur'ans of the Fifteenth to Sixteenth Centuries, London, 1992, no. 26)

Cf. also:
A. Welch 1972, vol. 2, pp. 35-36

Classement :

Older reference:Ms05,Ms05fol1v-

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Date de création :

28/03/2012 16:11:45

Dernier document ajouté le :

29/03/2012 12:05:36

Dernière mise à jour :

29/03/2012 15:49:52

Restrictions d'accès :

On demand

Restrictions d'utilisation :

On demand

fichiers numériques disponibles :



    Situation de cette notice dans les collections Cacher

    AGA KHAN MUSEUM

    classe : Fonds des documents graphiques de l'Aga Khan Museum (Réf : doc graphiques AKM)

    sous-fonds : Groupe des manuscrits  (Réf : akm_mss)

    pièce : Safavid Qur'an with Ottoman colophon Turkey, Istanbul (Réf : AKM00263)




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